Yurumein - Homeland is a documentary film project about the Garifuna / Carib community of St Vincent in the West Indies. released in 2014. The work recounts the painful past of the Caribs on St Vincent and the death of scores of their ancestors while under British rule and builds an intimate portrait of Garifuna culture in-transition today. It offers firsthand accounts from both Carib descendants who remain on the island of St Vincent and voices of returning descendants whose ancestors were exiled to Central America, where Garifuna traditional culture was able to survive and flourish. The interviews offered here were conducted on St. Vincent. More about the documentary is found: Yurumein-Homeland
A study guide to this film and to another, The Garifuna Journey Andrea E Leland Collection, both by this filmmaker and interviewer, offers background and context to the rich oral interviews below.
Cadrin Gill and Andrea E. Leland
A Kalinago originally from Sandy Bay, a Carib village in St Vincent, Dr Gill is a physician living in Los Angeles. He is the Honorary Consul General of St Vincent and the Grenadines in California, USA. The interview with Doctor Gill was conducted in September 2011 by filmmaker Andrea Leland with Goro Toshima on camera in Los Angeles, California, USA and continues in Fort Charlotte, Kingstown, St Vincent in March 2012. Transcript: 49 pages. Interviews: 151:36 minutes.
Ralph Gonsalves and Andrea E. Leland
This speech was delivered by Ralph Gonsalves, Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines, on March 14, 2012 in celebration of National Heroes Day, and has served as Prime Minister since 2001. This speech was filmed, camera operated, and transcribed by filmmaker Andrea Leland in St Vincent. Transcript: 7 pages. Speech: 35:40 minutes.
Yanik Hugh, Lucia Ellis, and Andrea E. Leland
Yanik Hugh, a lecturer in Cultural Studies at the University of the West Indies - Cape Hill campus, and Lucia Ellis, a community activist from Belize, attended the Garifuna Heritage Foundation Conference March 10 -13, 2012 in Kingstown, St Vincent and the Grenadines when and where this interview took place. Filmmaker Andrea Leland conducted the interview and was on camera and Libby transcribed. Transcription: 10 pages. Interview: 48.44 minutes.
Nixon Lewis and Andrea E. Leland
A Kalinago man who runs a tailoring business in Sandy Bay, St Vincent, and a hobbyist historian, Nixon Lewis has done a lot of research on the history of St Vincent. One of Mr Lewis’ sons, a community college student, also shares some of his experiences as a Carib in St Vincent. The interview was conducted in March 2012 by filmmaker Andrea Leland with Fabian Guerra on camera and Betsy and Andrea Leland transcribing in Sandy Bay, a Carib village in St Vincent, West Indies. Transcript: 12 pages. Interview: 52:03 minutes.
Colin Sam and Andrea E. Leland
Dr Gill's nephew, Colin Sam, . He was born and raised in Kingstown and speaks about the educational systems in both Sandy Bay and Kingstown. The interview was conducted in March 2012 by filmmaker Andrea Leland with Fabian Guerra on camera and Nikki Goldman transcribing outside a church in Sandy Bay, a Carib village in St Vincent, West Indies. Transcript: 5 pages. Interview: 15:01 minutes.
Augustine "Sardo" Sutherland and Andrea E. Leland
A Kalinago man from St Vincent, Mr Sutherland has spent years researching the buried history of his people and cultivating pride in his Kalinago heritage. He has taken on the role of a cultural ambassador for the Kalinago community in St Vincent. The interview with Augustine 'Sardo' Sutherland was conducted April 26, 2012 by filmmaker Andrea Leland with Fabian Guerra on camera and Nikki Goldman transcribing in St Vincent, West Indies. Transcript: 13 pages. Interview: 68:53 minutes.
Edgar Adams and Andrea E. Leland
A historian born on the Grenadine island of Bequia, now residing on mainland St Vincent, Dr Adams has written extensively on St Vincent and the Grenadines from socio-economical, socio-historical and cultural perspectives. The interview with Doctor Adams was conducted in April 2005 by Ras Jacob (RJ) and filmmaker Andrea Leland in Kingstown, St Vincent and Gernadines. Transcript: 20 pages. Interview: 79:41 minutes.