Creative Arts Therapies Theses

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Art in Dance/Movement Therapy and Counseling (MA)


Creative Arts Therapies

First Advisor

Susan Imus

Second Advisor

Laura Downey

Third Advisor

Laura Allen


dance movement therapy, ballroom dance, adults, dementia, Delphi Method, Tom Kitwood


The purpose of this thesis was to develop a dance/movement therapy (DMT)-influenced seated ballroom dance program for adult day services for persons with dementia. This program development project, named the Manzano Movement Method (M3), aims to support quality of life by encouraging creative expression, reminiscence and socialization. M3 explored how seated ballroom dance can support the quality of life for this population via six different lessons of the following dances: waltz, cha cha, rumba, tango, foxtrot and swing. It also explored how the program can be utilized by care providers that are not dance/movement therapists. With collaborator help—stakeholders at an adult day program for persons with dementia, including dance/movement therapists and a non-DMT care provider—the Delphi Method was implemented through an initial questionnaire, an informal interview and a final questionnaire. Information was categorized using a theory approach logic model to outline the resources/inputs, program activities, outputs and outcomes. Development of the program was guided by Tom Kitwood’s (1997) person-centered care, and after integrating his approach with the synthesized product of the collaborator’s input, a consensus was made to creating the final project. Cross-cultural and ethical factors were considered in the creation of the program. The program includes a written curriculum, PowerPoint presentations of each lesson and a supplementary video that provides movement examples. In conclusion, the direction of M3 will be determined by future plans for implementation in various settings or populations, further research and expansion of the program and evaluation from greater institutions. 65 pages.