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Objectivity, Sound -- Measurement, Subjectivity


Richard C. Heyser prepared this chapter as part of a series originally intended for AUDIO magazine in an effort to find an objective way of dealing with the subjective perception of sound. Through the implementation of the time delay spectrometry (TDS) method, Heyser was able to explore the mathematical analysis of audio and the philosophical principles of audio measurement. Chapter 11 concludes the series and summaries the purpose of this study.


In 2013-2014, Douglas R. Jones, professor of Audio, Arts, and Acoustics at Columbia College Chicago, edited and annotated Heyser's original articles from this series. Chapter 11 did not require edits because there are no known mathematical formulas or figures that need representation or explanation. However, access to annotated Chapters 1 through 5 by Jones can be read here.

This item is part of the Richard C. Heyser collection at the College Archives & Special Collections department of